What is a Home Page?
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The home page of a website is
the web page that you go to when you type in the domain name of the site in the address
bar your browser.
The web server will in fact display
a file that could be one of several. The server will have been
set up to look for a number of different possible home pages
and will display the first one it finds.
For example it may look for the file index.HTML and if it
doesn't find that one look for home.HTML instead. If it doesn't
find that one it may look for index.HTM and so on.
The pages it will look for are set up as part of the server
software set up process. Generally potential home page or
default page file names are ranked so that the server looks for
the relevant file in a particular order and stops looking once
it finds one on the list.
If no page is found then one of two things may happen. You
may see a list of files displayed in the home directory or
folder on the website. Alternatively you might see a
404 page error message.
Generally webmasters like to stop people from viewing
directories on their sites and so they create directories with
the no-list option. This stops people from being able to see
and access all the files in a directory, something that can be
desirable if you store information online and want to restrict
who can see it.